The Salkantay Trek to Machu Picchu

Updated: Nov 11, 2021

Peru is a country of rich cultural history, beautiful landscapes and friendly people. If you're like me then your interest in visiting Peru likely stemmed from wanting to explore the Modern World Wonder of Machu Picchu.


But exploring Machu Picchu is only a one day adventure and there is SO much to do and see in Peru. If you're a believer in the mantra that 'the journey is the destination' then you'll want to consider the Salkantay Trek for reaching Machu Picchu.


Part of what makes visiting Machu Picchu so special is that you're offered a glimpse into what life was like for the ancient Incas.


The trek is a great opportunity to get off the grid and experience what Peru is all about!


Machu Picchu Sunrise
The Salkantay Trek is an epic way to reach Machu Picchu

Your Salkantay Trek itinerary and experience will be highly dependent on which tour operator you book through. For my trip we went with Alpaca Expeditions.


Read on to get the full scoop on how my trip to Peru with my brother Alex went! If you're more interested in reading about what to pack for Salkantay you can find my guide on that here!

 

Alpaca Expeditions is the Best Salkantay Trek Tour Operator


Is it fair for me to say Alpaca Expeditions is the best Salkantay Trek tour operator? After all, I've never done the trek with anyone else. Probably not, but considering they earned an A+ in every category I could possibly grade them on, we're gonna roll with it.


Two men sitting at Pisac Peru
Our guide Robinzon was amazing!

With that said, let's discuss what you can expect from Alpaca Expeditions before jumping into our Salkantay Trek itinerary.


The 5D/5N Salkantay Trek cost us $650 per head. There were another $55 worth of hiking gear options you could rent: a sleeping bag, hiking mattress and trekking poles. If you don't own these items, rent them. That's what we did.


Do I Need Trekking Poles for the Salkantay Trek?


If you're wondering, yes, you 100% need trekking poles for this trip. Your knees will be brutalized if you attempt it without them, especially since you'll be carrying some weight on your back.


This is not the cheapest Salkantay Trek operator. However, like many other things in this world you'll get what you pay for. Keep in mind that cost includes logistics from Cusco to Soraypampa, 5 nights of sleeping accommodations, 9 meals, logistics back to Cusco and an amazing trekking team.


I would say the price is more than fair especially when you consider how well they take care of their crews.


From day one Alpaca was extremely easy to communicate with and they were quick to respond. Pretty much our ENTIRE vacation to Peru was in the hands of Alpaca and this will be true for the operator you choose.


Don't underestimate the importance of this when planning your trip to Peru - if you're still deciding on options be sure to check out my Peru Travel Guide!


Avocado and potato
Alpaca Expeditions DELIVERS with great food during the trek!

Another perk of working with these guys was the food. They do an excellent job of training their chefs and it shows in the final product. This is the only part of your trip where it's not fair to say you really 'roughed' it. You're going to eat extremely well and be very happy about it after a 10 hour day of mountain hiking.



As you research potential operators be sure to consider their social impact as well. Peru is not a wealthy country and many of the guides, cooks and porters come from rural mountain areas. Alpaca was founded by a former porter and not surprisingly they treat their employees very well.


My favorite thing on this front was that the porters were fed the same food we were. After a long day of working hard to support our trek they certainly deserved a good meal! Not all operators treat their people with this same respect.

 

What to Pack? Salkantay Trek Packing List


Packing properly for your Salkantay Trek is extremely important. For that reason I have an entire post dedicated to it. You can find that here.


If you're not ready to jump into those specifics yet, there are still a few things you should weigh when considering the Salkantay Trek.


You're going to be carrying some extra weight with you even after utilizing the porters. The actual trails you're hiking aren't too difficult as most are well maintained.


However, the Salkantay Trek is strenuous due to the combination of elevation, terrain steepness, duration and added weight. When purchasing any new gear consider item weight. Don't be surprised if your day pack ends up being 15-25 pounds (about 10 kg).


Man hiking
Be sure to use a hiking backpack with chest and waist straps, my 40L bag had plenty of space

Do you really need a water proof layer? Yes. Absolutely. We experienced 10+ hours of precipitation on the first day of our trek, more on that in a bit. If you don't have a good waterproof top layer be sure to budget for that.

 

Salkantay Trek Day by Day Itinerary


Now for the moment you've been waiting for! What does the Salkantay Trek day by day itinerary look like?


Below I'll provide an outline of the trek along with my high level thoughts of each part. Afterwards we'll dive deeper into each day and details of my experience.


Night Before Day 1 - Alpaca Expeditions will arrange transportation for you from Cusco to their glass cabins near Soraypampa.
Day 1 - You'll wake up early and start your day by hiking to Humantay Lake. From there you'll work towards your lunch site near Salkantay Pass. After lunch you'll clear Salkantay Pass and work down the mountain towards your campsite. This will be the most difficult day of the trek.
Day 2 - Much easier than Day 1 as you're downhill pretty much the whole way. You'll leave freezing temperatures in the mountains and descend into the hotter jungle climate. You'll end your day at Alpaca's hobbit houses located near the river.
Day 3 - Another day of mostly uphill hiking. You'll visit a local coffee farm and experience the process of making coffee firsthand. Part of this day involves hiking along the traditional Inca Trail path. You'll tent camp under the stars at Llactapata which overlooks Machu Picchu.
Day 4 - The descent from the Llactapata area will lead you to the Hidroelectrica Station which provides power to Cusco. From here you'll hike along railroad tracks part of the day until you reach the city of Aguas Calientes.
Day 5 - You'll wake up early and spend most of your day exploring the ruins of Machu Picchu. To reach the ruins you'll take a 20 minute shuttle up the hill from Aguas Calientes. After exploring the ruins you'll enjoy a scenic train ride back to Ollantaytambo. In Ollantaytambo a van will be waiting to return you back to Cusco.

Aside from Salkantay, if you're looking to fill a day in Cusco, consider reaching out to Alpaca Expeditions. My brother and I were able to arrange a bespoke day tour with them that included a driver, guide and cook.


They took us to Pisac, The Maras Salt Mines and Moray. We were lucky enough to have the same guide (Robinzon) for the day trip and on our Salkantay Trek. If you plan in advance you may be able to make similar arrangements. I'd recommend it - by the end of our week in Peru Robinzon was like a brother to us!

 

Salkantay Trek Night Before Day 1 - Travel to Soraypampa


When we did our Salkantay Trek, Alpaca was able to pick us up directly from our AirBnb around 3pm. I'm not sure what their radius is for doing this, but we were located fairly close to Plaza De Armas. The ride to Soraypampa where you'll stay nearby in the glass cabins is between 3 and 4 hours long.


How is the Drive to Soraypampa?


Much of the drive to Soraypampa will be through the beautiful Andean mountains. The first half or so of this is along a well maintained road and very scenic.


The second half.. is a little sketchier. The road up to Soraypampa is fairly narrow and primarily made of dirt. Along the side is a sheer thousand foot drop Other parts of this road take you through dense jungle foliage. It was mostly dark out by this time so it was hard to infer much else!


Soraypampa glass houses Peru
The excitement really sets in once you reach the glass houses

I've gotta say.. when we finally reached the glass houses I was really excited for what was ahead. You'll have dinner with your group and an opportunity to take in the beautiful views.


It was rather cold out that night, but it really didn't bother me given the amazing snow capped mountains that surrounded us.


Sadly, we had partly cloudy skies and a full moon so our stargazing was mediocre. Pro tip.. if possible plan your trek when there is a new moon!

 

Salkantay Trek Day 1 - Salkantay Pass & Humantay Lake


Initially we came to Peru for Machu Picchu. But by the time we had our trip booked this was the day I was looking forward to most. You'll wake up early to hot coca tea delivered to your door followed by breakfast. Once your group is ready you'll head out towards Humantay Lake.


Peru mountains valley
Views of the valley below, ascending to Humantay Lake

The trek to Humantay Lake and back will take about 3 hours or so depending on how much time you spend at the lake. I highly recommend acclimating to the elevation in Cusco for at LEAST two days.


Can You Rent Horses at Humantay Lake?


The path to the lake is up a steep hill located behind a local farm where you can rent horses or pay a small fee to use the restroom. The path is rocky in a few spots but overall it's fairly easy, just steep. On the way back down you'll definitely want trekking poles.


Save your knees, you still have 4 days left!


Two men at Humantay Lake
We had to make the best of rainy conditions on day 1 of our trek

Humantay Lake was a huge highlight for us. The glacial water was stunning and the backdrop is out of this world. It was a really rainy day for us and the low clouds made the mountain disappear into the sky.


If you're interested in reading more about our time at Humantay Lake you can read my full post on it here. If you aren't attempting Salkantay Pass this is still something you can do as a day trip from Cusco!


Looking for tips to save on airfare? Check out a full post I wrote on the subject here!

Once you're done at the lake you'll head back down the same path you came. At the farm you passed on the way up you'll turn left and start towards Salkantay Pass. It's at this point in time I cannot stress enough the importance of having a complete layer of waterproof hiking gear.


We spent a good 10 hours in constantly changing forms of precipitation that day. Dense morning fog turned into light showers.


Those turned into downpours and wind as we approached the pass. At higher elevations the rain turned to snow and eventually ice.


By the end of the day my gloves and boots were mostly soaked. They had held up well until some point after lunch when it was raining the heaviest on the other side of Salkantay Pass.



Mountain weather can be unpredictable, and being at over 15,000 ft (4,635 meters) doesn't help. The weather was so bad I never took my LUMIX GH5 out of my hiking bag after we left the lake.


I included a link to that above and quick disclosure while I am an Amazon Affiliate that may earn from qualifying purchases at no extra cost to you, I can personally recommend this camera as I shoot most of my website and YouTube with it. In addition to great photos it has some of the best 4k video you can find at its price point. End plug.


Salkantay Pass snowstorm
Taking a selfie in these conditions was a challenge!

The photo above was all I could really get from our time at Salkantay Pass. A quick selfie with my iPhone with our awesome guide Robinzon. Visibility was maybe 30 feet or so, which meant we missed out on an up close view of Salkantay Mountain.


Despite some brutal weather and my brother suffering from altitude sickness at lunch.. this still ended up being an incredible day. I can now cross 'survive a blizzard at Salkantay Pass' off my bucket list!

 

Salkantay Trek Day 2 - Scenic Descent to Hobbit Houses


My favorite thing about waking up on day 2 was the view from where we camped. The mountain behind us was incredibly prominent and beautiful. Visibility was so bad the day before we had no idea it was even there!


Sunrise in Peru over mountain
After a challenging start to our trek we were rewarded with a beautiful sunrise the next day

I'd imagine Salkantay Pass is more pleasant in better weather, but we were happy to be descending into warmer weather on day two. Enjoy the beautiful mountain scenery along the way as you work towards the Hobbit houses located along the river.


Hobbit Houses Peru
The Hobbit Houses provide a nice change of pace to tent camping

Once you reach the Hobbit houses you'll have an opportunity to set your things in your room and take a shower before dinner.


We had enough time to briefly wander down to the nearby river. I really enjoyed the mix of tent camping with cabin accommodations throughout the trek, I felt like it allowed for the best of both experiences.


River in Peru
If you have time you can walk down to the nearby river

Be sure to get a good night sleep - today was an easier day as it was mostly downhill. Tomorrow the trip to the Llactapata campsite will be mostly uphill!

 

Salkantay Trek Day 3 - Coffee Farm & Llactapata


Day 3 is a really cool day. You'll make a pit stop for lunch and coffee at a local family owned farm. Here you'll pick coffee beans, peel them, roast, grind and brew fresh artisan coffee.


It was a highlight from our trip and I even dedicated a full post to the experience you can read about here.



Once you've filled up on the best coffee you've ever had, you'll start your march up the hill towards Llactapata. The views of the river valley below are breathtaking.


The best part is they keep getting better as the day progresses. You continue gaining elevation and a better view until eventually the sun starts to set. Amazing!


Peruvian mountains
The views hiking up to Llactapata were stunning

This is a great opportunity for me to emphasize the importance of bringing a headlamp (at minimum a flashlight).


Not only will you want it for around the campsite in the very early morning or evenings, but if your group is slow like ours, you might get caught out as the sun is setting and things get dark. Be sure to go through the packing list guide I put together to avoid any unwanted surprises!


Sunrise in the Andes Mountains
Watching the sunrise over the Andes at Llactapata

Camping at Llactapata which overlooks Machu Picchu was a really cool experience. We had excellent stargazing conditions on this night. Skies were clear and dark before the full moon rose over the horizon which offered us a brief glimpse of the Milky Way stripe.


We could see plenty of satellites, shooting stars and the Milky Way stripe. The next morning we had a beautiful day and were able to watch the sunrise over Machu Picchu.

 

Salkantay Trek Day 4 - Hidroelectrica & Aguas Calientes


This will be your last day of hiking. From Llactapata you'll work down the mountain towards the Hidroelectrica station. Once you've passed this area you'll come across a small strip of shops and restaurants setup near railroad tracks where you'll have lunch.


It's a good opportunity to do some souvenir shopping, but there will be other good opportunities at Aguas Calientes, Machu Picchu and eventually Ollantaytambo as well.


Sign in Peru
This portion of the hike can be hot and sunny - dress in layers and have sunscreen handy!

Enjoy the leisurely stroll along the railroad tracks after lunch. Stray dogs often wander this path, escorting travelers from Hidroelectrica all the way to Aguas Calientes in exchange for treats.


We had one follow us almost the entire way until we took a slight detour down to view the nearby river up close.


Peru River Rocks
The nearby river boasts MASSIVE boulders - this photo doesn't do them justice!

That evening you'll arrive in Aguas Calientes with your guide. Lunch will be your last opportunity to say goodbye to your team of porters as they'll head home from there.


The packet of information that Alpaca provides you includes a recommendation on how much to tip. It's suggested that you and any other hikers coordinate tips to ensure your porters are all properly taken care of.


Aguas Calientes
If there's time - I would've liked to have spent an extra day exploring Aguas Calientes

There are tons of restaurants, pubs and vendors to keep you occupied in Aguas Calientes. The town is beautiful with a river cutting through the middle. Going for a walk after four days of hiking may not sound all that appealing, but be sure to explore this walking friendly town.


We didn't have any available time during our trip, but I would've loved to have stayed here a full day to really check it out.

 

Salkantay Trek Day 5 - Machu Picchu


Today is the day! All of your hard work trekking through the Andes finally pays off as you'll get to be up close and personal with a Modern World Wonder.


Machu Picchu at sunrise
The sunrise over Machu Picchu is stunning



What is the Best Time to Visit Machu Picchu?


Be prepared to get up early - we caught the first (maybe the second..) shuttle from Aguas Calientes up to the ruins.


We were on the bus before 6am.

The ride up the mountain is pretty tame compared to the four days you've just had and only lasts about 20 minutes. Arriving this early has a few perks.


Interested in learning more about Machu Picchu? Be sure to check out my video guide on YouTube!

The best reason to arrive early at Machu Picchu is to beat the lines at the entrance and crowds within the ruins. A lot of my favorite photographs that I took at Machu Picchu were early on when the sun had barely risen over the Andes.


Arriving early also helps you beat the heat and sun, the high mountain sun can be roasty-toasty in the late afternoon.


Machu Picchu Caretaker Hut
The Caretaker Hut (aka the Guardhouse)

There are a few important things to keep in mind when entering the ruins. Namely, there are no restrooms inside the ruin area. Once you're in, you're in.


Be prepared to hold your business for however long you're exploring the ruins. Our small group had a leisurely pace, stopping to learn about the Inca culture from our guide and for plenty of photo ops. You should budget 3 hours or so inside Machu Picchu.


Machu Picchu Ruins
A less photographed angle of ruins at Machu Picchu

If you're bringing up your hiking bag (there's really no need) be aware that bags over a certain size must be checked at the gate for a small fee. A small backpack would be allowed in.


Can You Bring Food Inside Machu Picchu?


You're also not allowed to bring in any food. We had lunch and a beer back in Aguas Calientes before catching our train back to Ollantaytambo. There's a restaurant at the entrance here but I can't speak to it's quality since we didn't visit.


I could drone on and on about how much I enjoyed exploring Machu Picchu - if you're interested in learning about that experience check out my full post here.


Two men taking photos at Machu Picchu
Arriving early before the mobs of tourist make it easy to grab a few photos!

Once you've had your fill of the ruins you'll catch a bus back down the mountain to Aguas Calientes with your guide.


If you have time like we did, you might be able to grab lunch, do some shopping or have a beer in town before catching your train.


The train ride to Ollantaytambo is extremely scenic so be sure to have your camera handy. It's a nice relaxing way to round out your Salkantay Trek adventure. The ride will last about 90 minutes.


Don't forget to check out my Peru Travel Guide on YouTube!

At Ollantaytambo you'll pass a rather large open air market on your way to the van that will shuttle you back to Cusco. This is another great opportunity to do some souvenir shopping if you haven't yet had your fill.


We spent less than 30 minutes in town moving from the train station to our van, but this little town seemed full of life and hustle bustle. In a perfect world we would've had a chance to spend a night here to explore what else it had to offer.

 

My Experience in Peru was Amazing


There's a lot to consider when booking a trip like this. The first big decision is deciding on traveling to Peru as opposed to other destinations. From there you have options such as Salkantay, the Inca Trail or just traveling directly to Machu Picchu.


Once you've set your sights on a particular method of getting to Machu Picchu, picking the right tour operator is a very important undertaking. Who you journey with will have a big impact on your overall experience.


Two men overlooking Pisac
One of my favorite photos from our trip, taken near Pisac

I can happily say I wouldn't change a single thing about how we approached our trip to Peru. The decision to book the Salkantay Trek (and day trip beforehand to Pisac!) with Alpaca Expeditions was the best decision we made.


Bonus tip - if you're looking for a great guide with Alpaca be sure to request Robinzon Gutierrez Llanos. Regardless of how you spend your time in Peru, be sure to secure a local guide.


You'll learn so much more along the way! If you haven't yet, be sure to check out our Salkantay Trek Packing List to help you pack for your trip here.

 

Looking for Cusco Day Trip Ideas?


If you enjoyed this read be sure to check out some of our posts on other activities you can experience from Cusco. You can check out my posts on visiting Pisac, The Maras Salt Mines and Moray to see if those areas are up your alley.


Another area worth checking out that's walking distance from most accommodations in Cusco are the Inca ruins of Sacsayhuaman.



Set high above the Peruvian city of Cusco are the Inca ruins of Sacsayhuaman. Loosely pronounced 'sexy-woman' the ruins are well worth a visit. Even if Inca ruins aren't your cup of coca tea - the Sacsayhuaman archaeological site offers stunning views of Cusco which sits in the valley below.


Sacsayhuaman Ruins
The Inca Ruins of Sacsayhuaman overlook the city of Cusco

If Sacsayhuaman sounds like something you'd be interested in learning more about check out the full post here!


I hope you found this guide helpful. I love hearing from readers so don't forget to drop a comment below!